1. Requirements of the Game
The billiards game shall be known as 8 Ball Pool is a game played with a cue ball and fifteen object balls, numbered 1 through 15. One player must pocket balls of the group numbered 1 through 7 (solid colors), while the other player has 9 through 15 (stripes). In our game it is played on 9 foot Tournament billiard table, with play field size 4.5 X 9 foot = 50 inches by 100 inches; the balls used are 57,2 mm diameter.
2. Object of the Game
One player must pocket balls of the group numbered 1 through 7 (solid colors), while the other player has 9 thru 15 (stripes). The player pocketing their group of object balls first in any order and then legally pocketing the 8-ball (black) in any pocket wins the game. Any other time the 8-ball is pocketed it is spotted at the foot spot, all other pocketed balls remain pocketed.
3. Legal Break shot and re-break
The breaker with the cue ball behind the head string must either pocket a numbered ball or drive at least four numbered balls (other than the cue ball) to the rail. Failure to do this is forcing the breaker to re-break in all cases; all other aspects of the shot are ignored and the shot is not a break. If the conditions described above are observed, it is a Legal Break shot and the table is open.
five failed re-breaks is a loss of game.
4. Scratch on the Legal Break shot
If the player pockets the cue ball from the Legal Break shot, it is a foul. The table is still open, all numbered balls pocketed remain pocketed (with the exception of the 8-ball spotted) and the incoming player has cue ball in hand behind the head string.
5. The cue ball in hand behind the head string
With cue ball in hand behind the head string player may not shoot an object ball that is behind the head string, unless he first shoots the cue ball past the head string and causes the cue ball to come back behind the head string and hit the object ball.
It is permissible bank the cue ball off a rail before contacting an object ball behind the head string, but the cue ball must hit the rail behind the head string at the first.
6. The 8-ball pocketed on the Legal Break
If the player pockets the 8-ball (black) from the Legal Break shot, no foul shall be incurred, the 8-ball spotted and the breaker continue shooting.
If the breaker scratches while pocketing the 8-ball on the break, the incoming player having the 8-ball spotted and begin shooting with ball in hand behind the head string.
7. Open Table
This means that the table is "open" when the choice of groups (stripes or solids) has not yet been determined. The table is always open immediately after the Legal Break shot. When the table is open, any ball can be legally hit without resulting in a foul. On an open table, all illegally pocketed balls remain pocketed.
When the table is open it is legal to hit any solid or stripe or the 8-ball first in the process of pocketing the called stripe or solid. However, when the table is open and the 8-ball is the first ball contacted, no stripe or solid may be scored in favor of the shooter, but there is no foul, the shooter loses his turn only; any balls pocketed remain pocketed; and the incoming player addresses the balls with the table still open and accepts the cue ball in position.
While the table is “open”, the player continues at the table until failing to legally pocket a numbered ball (except the 8-ball, it is a foul) or a scratch or foul is committed.
8. Choice of Group
The choice of stripes or solids is not determined on the break even if balls are pocketed from one or both groups.
The choice of group is determined only after the break shot. A player must, at some time during the shot, touch the object ball and legally pockets this ball or another ball from the same group, that the first touched ball.
9. Legal shot
On all shots (except on the break), the shooter must hit one of his group of balls (or any ball on an open table) first and (1) pocket a numbered ball, or (2) cause the cue ball or any numbered ball to contact a rail. Failure to meet these requirements is a foul. The cue ball may touch a rail before touching the object ball, but after this the conditions described above must be observed.
Any numbered ball pocketed on the same legal shot, unless it is the 8-ball, remain pocketed without resulting in a foul, regardless of whether they belong to the shooter or the opponent. However, potting any opponent's balls on the same legal shot is not a foul.
10. Foul Penalty
A scratch or other foul results in a ball in hand anywhere on the table. Opposing player gets cue ball in hand and can place the cue ball anywhere on the table (except for when the foul is committed on the break, in which case the cue ball is placed behind the head string).
An object ball is considered to be illegally pocketed when that object ball is pocketed on the same shot a foul is committed. Illegally pocketed balls remain pocketed and are scored in favor of the shooter controlling that specific group of balls, solids or stripes.
Each of the following situations always constitutes a foul:
11. Combination shots
- When the cue ball is pocketed;
- Pockets the 8-ball when it is not the legal object ball (exception: 8-Ball pocketed on the Legal Break);
- Failing to cause the cue ball initial contact with an object ball.
Combination shots are allowed provided that the player hits one of balls of his group first (except the Open Table rule applies).
The 8-ball cannot be used as a first ball in the combination shot, unless it is the shooter's last remaining legal object ball on the table. The 8-ball can be used in the middle of a combination but cannot be the first ball contacted, it is a foul (unless the table is open).
A combination shot can never be used to legally pocket the 8-ball, except when the 8-ball is the first ball contacted in the shot sequence.
The player pocketing their group of object balls first in any order and then legally pocketing the 8-ball (black) wins the game. Fouls when pocketing the 8-ball is not a loss of game.
A player is entitled to continue shooting until he fails to legally pocket a ball from his group. After a player has pocketed all of balls of his group, he shoots the 8-ball to any pocket. The game is completed when the 8-ball (black) is legally potted in any pocket.
If the player pockets the 8-ball (black) before the player pockets all balls in own group, it is a foul; the 8-ball spotted at the foot spot and the incoming player has cue ball in hand.
Pockets the 8-ball on the same stroke, as the last of his group of balls, resulting in a foul without winning; the 8-ball spotted.
13. Time Allowed
A player has a limit of time to play each shot. If a shot is not played within defined time, the shooter loses his turn with resulting in a foul.
Three consecutive times failure to play a shot within time limit is a loss of game.